Cat Feeding Ingredients

The domestic cat needs the balanced food. It has to be the closest to the food that its ancestors had in a native habitat. Such nutrition will provide long, active and happy life to a cat.

Nutrients 

Carbohydrates supply an organism of a cat with energy. They are involved in lipide and protein metabolism. One of kinds of carbohydrates is the dietary fiber. It is necessary for prophylaxis and treatment of problems with digestion. Excess of carbohydrates can lead to an obesity.

Fats are an energy source and essential fatty acids: linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic. Also lipids are necessary for formation of cellular membranes. Besides, they give to nutrition structure and aroma that attract cats.

Proteins is a basis of an organism of each animal. They are involved in a metabolism, processes of growth and reproduction, protective reactions, etc. Proteins consist of amino acids some of which aren't synthesized in an organism, and have to come to it with nutrition. Such amino acids are called essential acids. Cats are most dependent on such essential amino acid as arginine. If it doesn't come to an organism in enough volue, ammonia collects in circulatory system of an animal.

A
  • Arachidonic acid
    • Arachidonic acid is an essential element for the correct development of a cat.
    • It carries out a series of important functions:

    - enlarges coagulability of a blood;
    - suppresses inflammatory reactions;
    - promotes strengthening of a bone tissue;
    - regulates work of Genital system and a digestive tract.

    • It should be taken into account that arachidonic acid isn't produced in an organism of a cat.
    • Therefore it is very important to watch that the pet received necessary amount of irreplaceable fats with nutrition.
  • Ascorbic acid
    • Vitamin C is the basic nutritious element forming walls of cells and connecting tissues. It affects an organism of a cat in a following way:
    • - strengthens a nervous system;
    • - increases immunity and endurance;
    • - participates in hemopoiesis processes.
    • Vitamin C helps an organism to struggle with infections, blocks toxiferous elements in a blood, and also lowers arterial pressure. Vitamin C is formed in a liver of healthy cats therefore it is necessary to watch that the animal have a proper food — it is so possible to avoid a set of diseases.
B
  • Beta carotene
    • Beta carotene is one of the strongest antioxidants. And it means that it:
    • - improves protective functions of an organism;
    • - reduces risk of viral and infectious diseases;
    • - strengthens a nervous system of an animal.
    • We pay your attention that the lack of beta carotene can lead to depression of genesial functions of an organism, and also development of many chronic illnesses.
  • Biotin
    • Biotin is the main element helping to stop process of abaissement of cats hair. In addition, it promotes:

    - to an adhesion of dermal wounds;
    - to rising of immune functions;
    - to strengthening of a nervous system.

    • Vitamin complexes with a biotin especially suit animals of long-haired breeds. The regular use of vitamin H improves an integument of an animal, and also takes out inflammations.
C
  • Calcium
    • Deficiency of a calcium in an organism of a cat leads to destruction of bones and teeth. The lack of this substance is especially dangerous to the kittens, pregnant and lactating animals. The most important functions of a calcium are:

    - ensuring normal work of heart;
    - control of process of purification of a blood flow;
    - signaling on a nervous system;
    - adjustment of reduction of muscular tissue;
    - participation in processes of digestion and allocation;
    - influence on immunity;
    - improvement of ability of a spermatozoon to fertilize an ootid.

  • Carbohydrate
    • Carbohydrates are digestible organic compounds which are necessary for maintenance of health of the pet. They influence an organism of pets in the following way:
    • - improve digestion and work of an intestine;
    • - supply organism cells with energy.
    • Exactly thanks to carbohydrates, your pet will always be active and vigorous.
  • Choline
    • The choline helps brain cells to develop in a proper way, accelerates mental processes at cats. Also the choline promotes:
    • - to healthy functioning of a liver;
    • - to the correct growth of cats.
    • Sharp weight loss, constant thirst, yellowness of integuments can signal about deficiency of a choline. The choline is especially effective for the animals having nervous breakdowns.
  • Chrome
    • Chrome is the important trace substance involved in many processes of organism functioning.
    • Among its useful properties are the following:
    • - decrease of risk of development of cardiovascular diseases;
      - strengthening of bones and joints.
    • Additives with chrome are especially recommended to pets with an excess weight. The lack of this element of an organism of an animal affects the state of hair, claws and bones as it is present there at the greatest number.
  • Cobalt
    • Cobalt contains in B12 vitamin which has important antianemic effect. It takes part in synthesis of this vitamin.
    • Also this element has some other useful properties:
    • - increases hemoglobin level;
      - accelerates process of a metabolism;
      - improves fermentation in a stomach.
    • Cobalt in the necessary quantity contains in special mineral additional nutrition.
  • Copper
    • Copper is important for production of hemoglobin. If the organism receives it in a small volume, the anemia develops.
    • Copper is an important trace substance, its lack can harmfully affect a condition of an organism of the pet and cause the following:
    • - anemias;
    • - defects of bones and their slowed-down growth;
    • - heart failure;
    • - depression of reproductive potential.
    • Also copper is important foras it is a part of a melanin. Thanks to this element healthy appearance of fur and hair is maintained.
D
  • Dietary fiber
    • The fiber helps cats with digestive disturbances. Detaining liquid in an intestine, it prevents constipations. At a diarrhea it absorbs surplus of liquid. The dietary fiber is a source of substances which:
    • - contain growth of disease-producing bacteria in an intestine;
    • - heal intestine walls in case of damage;
    • - reduce risk of development of cancer.
    • Also the dietary fiber prevents cats to gain excess weight (gives additional volume to nutrition and provides sense of fulness without excess of calories).
  • DL-Methionine
    • The carnitine and taurine are formed from a methionine in an organism of a cat. The lack of carnitine provokes a fatty dystrophia of a liver. The taurine promotes digestion of fats in a small gut, maintenance of integrity of a retina and nervous tissue, a blood coagulation. The deficiency of a taurine has an adverse effect on ability of animals to reproduction.
E
  • Egg white
    • Protein is one of the basic elements necessary for formation of an organism of a cat. Proteins help in:

    - development of immune system;
    - production of amino acids;
    - strengthening of bone tissues.

    • Besides, proteins are important energy source. If there isn't enough protein in a ration, the organism of a cat begins to develop it independently. Often it occurs due to decomposing of a protein in muscular tissue. And it leads to incurable consequences.
F
  • Ferrous
    • Iron is necessary for pets for prophylaxis of anemia, rising of resilience of an organism to illnesses, appetite improvements.
    • Also iron participates in two processes, vital for an organism: metabolism and synthesis of a hemoglobin.
    • Process of tissue respiration also takes place with the participation of iron. Signs of iron lack are a flaccidity, anemia, weak growth.
  • Folic acid
    • B9 vitamin is necessary for normal functioning of a nervous system and bone marrow. Folic acid has the following function:
    • - prevents blood diseases;
    • - improves a condition of a skin;
    • - promotes full-fledged growth of a cat.
    • The lack of folic acid can lead to disturbance of functions of the alimentary system, an anemia, a stomatitis.
I
  • Inositol
    • The main functions of B8 vitamin in an organism of a cat are the following:
    • - excision of excess of fat from a liver and improvement of its work;
    • - contribution to growth of some beneficial bacteria in an intestine;
    • - participation in adjustment of motor function of a stomach and intestine;
    • - neuranagenesis;
    • - carrying out nervous impulses.
    • This substance is often included in structure of calmatives which help cats to cope with pavor, aggression and a hyperexcitability.
  • Iodine
    • Iodine is a part of hormones of a thyroid gland. Deficiency of this trace substance provokes development of a struma, problem with a skin and hair, a sleepiness.
    • Iiodine compounds are formed and collect in a thyroid gland. There its resetting and distribution take place.
    • Iodine is important for:
    • - correct functioning of Genital system;
    • - differentiations of cells;
    • - adjustments of process of a metabolism.
    • The iodine deficiency negatively affects Genital system as this trace substance is inseparably linked with hormones.
L
  • L-carnitine
    • L-carnitine is a substance, congenerous to vitamins of group B. It is responsible for many important processes proceeding in an organism of a cat. Among them are:

    - decrease of level of a cholesterin;
    - utilization of subcutaneous fat;
    - prevention of an obesity;
    - stimulation of activity of C and E vitamins.

    • This substance helps the sterilized animals to keep activity and good physical shape.
  • Linoleic acid
    • From linolic acid the substances, very important for an organism of a cat, are formed.They are responsible for the following processes:

    - regulation of a metabolism;
    - synthesis of substances which strengthen or weaken the inflammatory phenomena;
    - creation of cellular membranes;
    - decrease of probability of formation of thrombi;
    - adjustment of level content of cholesterol;
    - improvement of work of endocrine glands;
    - regulation of a sexual cycle.

M
  • Magnesium
    • Magnesium is necessary for formation of bones and teeth, participates in cellular reactions.
    • The largest part of this substance is concentrated in muscles and bones.
    • If the organism doesn't receive it in enough volume, there are cramps, a muscular flaccidity, heart troubles.
  • Malt
    • Malt ˜is a substance that helps removal of hair lumps from a stomach of cats. It promotes softening and dissolution of hair that accumulates in the pet's organism.
  • Manganese
    • Manganese is an important trace substance that contains in all tissues and organs. Therefore it has fortifying effect on the whole organism in general, namely:
    • - positively influences development of bones;
      - regulates a condition of a nervous system;
      - takes part in fermentation processes.
    • The deficiency of manganese causes problems with a skeleton and joints, and also disturbance of functions of Genital system.
  • Methionine
    • The carnitine and taurine are formed from a methionine in an organism of a cat. The lack of carnitine provokes a fatty dystrophia of a liver. The taurine promotes digestion of fats in a small gut, maintenance of integrity of a retina and nervous tissue, a blood coagulation. The deficiency of a taurine has an adverse effect on ability of animals to reproduction.
  • Minerals
    • The minerals, necessary for animals, are divided into two groups: major elements and trace substances.
    • Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chlorine, sulfur belong to the first group. Chrome, cobalt, iodine, copper, etc - to the second one.
    • The daily requirement for major mineral elements fluctuates from several milligrams to several grams. In trace substances, in turn, the organism needs tens times less.
  • Molybdenum
    • Molybdenum is a trace substance, essential for any organism.
    • This mineral possesses the following properties:
    • - strengthens an adamantine substance of tooth;
    • - participates in digestion of nitrogen;
    • - is a part of important enzymes.
    • Concentration of a molybdenum in an organism shouldn't be great. Usually food and supplements contain the necessary balanced amount of this mineral compounds.
N
  • Nicotinic acid
    • Nicotinic acid is also known as B3 vitamin. This water-soluble vitamin is necessary for normal work of enzymes which maintain the body temperature of a cat at the necessary level and interfere with loss of weight. The lack of this substance provokes the following unpleasant phenomena:
    • - deterioration in appetite;
    • - dermatitis;
    • - skin ecdysis;
    • - puffiness;
    • - formation of ulcers on gingivas, breast, stomach, etc.
O
  • Omega 3
    • Omega-3 fatty acids carry out an important role in maintenance of health of cats. This element has the following functions:

    - supports a tonus of blood vessels;
    - prevents heart diseases;
    - improves a condition of integuments;
    - prevents oncologic diseases.

    • The lack of Omega-3 polyunsaturated acids negatively affects a state of health of a cat. It can lead to problems with growth, weakening of immune system, diseases of eyes and other unpleasant consequences.
  • Omega 6
    • Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are necessary element of proper nutrition of cats. The omega-6 has effective medical effect at:

    - obesity;
    - allergic and autoimmune diseases;
    - inflammatory processes.

    • Omega-6 acids will be useful for cats of any age and will help with prophylaxis of many diseases and pathologies.
P
  • Phosphorus
    • Phosphorus is responsible for health of bones and joints of pets. Especially it is necessary:
    • - at fractures;
    • - for the purpose of the prevention of an arthrosis, a rachitis and other similar diseases;
    • - at metabolic disorders.
    • Also you shouldn't forget that phosphorus has always to be added with a calcium as these two elements are biologically interconnected.
  • Potassium
    • Potassium, sodium and chlorine are necessary for maintenance of osmotic pressure, water and acid-base balance.
    • Potassium is concentrated mainly in cells, sodium and chlorine — in tissues and liquids of an organism.
    • Potassium is the mineral element carrying out a set of functions in an organism of a cat. Among them the most important are:
    • - ensuring the correct production of enzymes;
    • - maintenance of water balance;
    • - positive influence on a state and muscle work and nervous system.
    • Possible consequences of deficiency of a potassium: weakness, appetite loss, bad growth, nervous breakdowns.
  • Pyridoxine
    • B6 vitamin activly participates in process of a metabolism. It is necessary for synthesis of amino acids, fats and other important elements. The pyridoxine regulates:

    - cholesterin level in a blood;
    - assimilation fat acids;
    - elastance of a cardiac muscle.

    • Also B6 vitamin promotes development of red blood cells. Therefore it is especially important for maintenance of strong immunity of pets.
R
  • Riboflavin
    • B2 vitamin keeps health of a skin, hair, digestive and nervous systems. Riboflavinum influences sight of cats, namely:
    • - reduces fatigue of eyes;
    • - increases visual acuity;
    • - prevents a cataract.
    • Also B2 vitamin is necessary for strengthening of immune system and stabilization of a metabolism.
S
  • Selenium
    • Therapeutic properties of selenium were discovered not so long ago. Nevertheless, this trace substance exclusively positively influences the whole organism of the pet.
    • Namely:
    • - regulates oxidizing processes;
      - strengthens immune system;
      - has an antioxidative effect.
    • Selenium is well combined with vitamin E. In a combination these two substances have a notable medical effect on the skin condition and liver function.
  • Silicon
    • Silicon is necessary for growth of bones and a connecting tissue.
  • Sodium
    • Sodium participates in delivery of nutrients to cells and removal of waste products from them. Lack of this substance causes serious problems:

    - disturbances of alimentary behavior;
    - decrease of body weight;
    - growth retardation.

  • Sodium chloride
    • Sodium and chlorine take part in maintenance of osmotic and acid-base balance. Sodium mainly contains in soft tissues and liquids of a body.
    • The role of this element in an organism of animals are the following:
    - reduction of muscles;
    - transfer of nervous impulses;
    - saturation of cells by glucose.
    • Chlorine contains in intercellular liquid, a blood, a skin, a bone tissue. In the form of the hydrochloric acid it is a part of a gastric juice.
    • If the animal doesn't receive enough sodium and chlorine, its appetite worsens, growth and development are slowed down. At a lack of chlorine, secretion of the hydrochloric acid decreases.
    • It results in failures in digestion process.
  • Sulfur
    • Sulfur in an organism of animals is a part of amino acids. Its most part is concentrated in a skin, indumentum, hoofs.
    • most important functions are the following:The
    - participation in creation of tissues;
    - protection of an organism against harmful foreign substances;
    - maintenance of a good state of wool.
    • If the organism of an animal lacks sulfur, then there are numerous problems, including an anorexia, debility, loss of weight.
T
  • Taurine
    • The taurine is a useful amino acid which doesn't join in composition of proteins of an organism. However it carries out a set of the vital functions, namely:
    • - maintenance of health of eyes;
    • - strengthening of walls of vessels;
    • - production of bile, etc.
    • High level of taurine in an organism is especially necessary for cats as they haven't enough enzymes for independent production of this amino acid.
  • Thiamin
    • Thiaminum carries out the major role in work of a nervous system of an organism. It carry out one of the most important functions — promotes carrying out a signal on neurones. B1 vitamin allows to avoid:
    • - dermatitis;
    • - illnesses of the alimentary system;
    • - pathologies of a nervous system.
    • Symptoms of lack of this vitamin are fatigability, muscular cramps, edemas, tachycardia, a dyspnea, vomiting.
V
  • Vitamin A
    • Beta carotene is one of the strongest antioxidants. And it means that it:

    - improves protective functions of an organism;
    - reduces risk of viral and infectious diseases;
    - strengthens a nervous system of an animal.

    • We pay your attention that the lack of beta carotene can lead to depression of Genital functions of an organism, and also development of many chronic illnesses.
  • Vitamin B1
    • Thiaminum carries out the major role in work of a nervous system of an organism. It carry out one of the most important functions — promotes carrying out a signal on neurones. B1 vitamin allows to avoid:
    • - dermatitis;
    • - illnesses of the alimentary system;
    • - pathologies of a nervous system.
    • Symptoms of lack of this vitamin are fatigability, muscular cramps, edemas, tachycardia, a dyspnea, vomiting.
  • Vitamin B12
    • B12 is the only vitamin containing a cobalt in the structure. This trace substance carries out the following functions:

    - participates in production of hormones of a thyroid gland;
    - promotes depression of level of a cholesterin in a blood;
    - strengthens immunity and increases activity of leucocytes.

    • Shortage of B12 vitamin often involves depression of level of cerebral and physical activity — the animal becomes flaccid, loses the weight and coordination.
  • Vitamin B2
    • B2 vitamin keeps health of a skin, hair, digestive and nervous systems. Riboflavinum influences sight of cats, namely:

    - reduces fatigue of eyes;
    - increases visual acuity;
    - prevents a cataract.

    • Also B2 vitamin is necessary for strengthening of immune system and stabilization of a metabolism.
  • Vitamin B5
    • Pantothenic acid, or B5 vitamin, plays a key role in fatty and carbohydrate metabolism. Therefore cats have to receive this important element in the necessary volume. It has the following medical actions:

    - acceleration of a metabolism;
    - strengthening of walls of vessels;
    - improvement of skin state.

    • B5 vitamin stimulates production of hormones of adrenals that positively influences a condition of Genital system of animals. Also it participates in a regulation of a hormonal background.
  • Vitamin B6
    • B6 vitamin activly participates in process of a metabolism. It is necessary for synthesis of amino acids, fats and other important elements. The pyridoxine regulates:
    • - cholesterin level in a blood;
    • - assimilation fat acids;
    • - elastance of a cardiac muscle.
    • Also B6 vitamin promotes development of red blood cells. Therefore it is especially important for maintenance of strong immunity of pets.
  • Vitamin B8
    • The main functions of B8 vitamin in an organism of a cat are the following:
    • - excision of excess of fat from a liver and improvement of its work;
    • - contribution to growth of some beneficial bacteria in an intestine;
    • - participation in adjustment of motor function of a stomach and intestine;
    • - neuranagenesis;
    • - carrying out nervous impulses.
    • This substance is often included in structure of calmatives which help cats to cope with pavor, aggression and a hyperexcitability.
  • Vitamin B9
    • B9 vitamin is necessary for normal functioning of a nervous system and bone marrow. Folic acid has the following function:
    • - prevents blood diseases;
    • - improves a condition of a skin;
    • - promotes full-fledged growth of a cat.
    • The lack of folic acid can lead to disturbance of functions of the alimentary system, an anemia, a stomatitis.
  • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin C is the basic nutritious element forming walls of cells and connecting tissues. It affects an organism of a cat in a following way:
    • - strengthens a nervous system;
    • - increases immunity and endurance;
    • - participates in hemopoiesis processes.
    • Vitamin C helps an organism to struggle with infections, blocks toxiferous elements in a blood, and also lowers arterial pressure. Vitamin C is formed in a liver of healthy cats therefore it is necessary to watch that the animal have a proper food — it is so possible to avoid a set of diseases.
  • Vitamin D
    • The regular use of vitamin D is recommended to kittens, but to adult animals it is required in smaller quantities. It is extremely important for formation of bones and nervous tissues. The lack of this element can bring to:

    - development of a rachitis;
    - a slow molars eruption.

    • The part of vitamin D comes to an organism of a cat from food directly. For this reason it is necessary to watch that pet nutrition was balanced.
  • Vitamin D3
    • The lack of D3 vitamin in an organism of a cat provokes the following problems:
    • - failures in work of the alimentary system;
    • - delicacy of a bone tissue;
    • - deformations of paws, basin, head.
    • In the absence of appropriate treatment, animals delicacy increases. Because of it they become inactive.
  • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin E is a natural antioxidant. A tocopherol, as vitamin E is also called, has a series of useful properties:

    - slows down aging processes;
    - increases activity and endurance;
    - strengthens immune system.

    • Vitamin E is considered one of the most useful elements for pregnant cats: it improves functioning of genitourinary system, helps in the period of a lactation, and also stabilizes a hormonal background.
  • Vitamin H
    • Vitamin H is a major factor of growth. The lack of this element leads to development retardation, loss of appetite and cramps.
Z
  • Zinc
    • Zinc is an important mineral which is a part of qualitative vitamin supplements and drugs.
    • It possesses the following properties:
    • - enlarges activity of enzymes;
    • - renders lipotropic effect — accelerates disintegration of fats;
    • - improves conditions of hair and a skin;
    • - positively influences carbohydrate metabolism;
    • - takes part in oxidation-reduction processes.
    • The risk of development of zinc deficiency can arise if the vegetable nutrition prevails in a ration of an animal.
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